Blacklights vs UV Lights: What’s the Difference

If you’ve ever delved a little deeper into the world of light, or if you’ve watched an episode of CSI: Miami, you’ve probably come across the blacklight vs UV light debate. Chances are you’ve asked yourself what is black light (or blacklight), exactly? Is a black light a UV light? The short answer to this would be yes, black lights are a sort of UV lights. But to understand what they actually are, we have to go a bit further into exploring what UV lights are. So let’s begin, shall we?

UV Lights

As you already know, humans can hear only a certain spectrum of frequencies and anything below or above that spectrum will be inaudible to our ears. Yes, we know, you came here to read about black light, so what’s sound got to do with anything? Well, it serves as an illustration that human senses are very limited. Some animals (bats, dolphins, elephants, and whales, for instance) are able to hear frequencies that are much lower or higher than what our ears are capable of hearing – to us, those sounds would translate to total silence.

Now, let’s get back to the lights. Similarly to sounds, there are some lights that the human eye can see, and some that it can’t. Because lights are nothing more than electromagnetic radiation, it’s measured in wavelengths. The light wavelengths that we are able to see, which go from violet to blue, green, yellow, orange and, in the end, red, with all the nuances in between, are called the visible spectrum.

UV or ultraviolet light has a shorter wavelength than the light that’s visible to us, meaning that we’re simply not able to see it. The name comes from the fact that it is right below our visible spectrum, below the first light color that we can see, and that’s violet. UV light is on the part of the wavelength spectrum that reaches the Earth from the Sun.

There are 3 subcategories of UV light, and those are, from shorter to longer wavelengths: UVC, UVB and UVA lights.

UVC Lights

Due to their short wavelengths, the UVC rays are blocked by the ozone layer, and they don’t reach the Earth’s surface. This is great news because these rays can do the most damage to us. However, they are often used for medical purposes, because in smaller and controlled amounts, they’re able to kill germs, help heal wounds and even treat some skin conditions such as psoriasis or vitiligo.

UVB Lights

If you’re a skincare enthusiast, you’ve seen products that say they offer UVB ray protection. That’s because these rays are to blame for sunburns and skin cancer – they harm the epidermis, causing malignant cells to develop in time. While we’re at it: wearing sun protection year-round is not a senseless beauty trend. UVB rays can reflect on water and snow, causing damage to your skin even during cold months when the sun is scarce.

UVA Lights

With the longest wavelength in the UV category, UVA rays make up for 95% of the light that reaches the Earth’s surface. UVA rays are able to infiltrate the deeper layers of the skin, causing wrinkles. The response of the skin to these rays is to tan – it does so in an effort to protect itself from UVA rays. It’s worth noting that you would have to be exposed to a significant amount of UVA rays for an extended period of time in order for them to cause any real damage to your body. Overall, they are considered to be perfectly safe in smaller amounts.

Black Light

So, is a black light UV? As we said, yes it is, but more specifically, black light is a subcategory of UV-A light. It was invented by a chemist and a physicist William H. Byler in 1935. and has proven extremely useful and practical ever since.


Blacklight is a specific type of (mostly) UVA light that looks dark purple – at least the small amount of light that is in the visible spectrum wavelength. Most of the light that a black light emits is in the UVA category, invisible to the human eye. Only the longest wavelengths of black light translate to deep purple (the first color in the visible spectrum).

How It Functions

The main characteristic of black light is that it makes white and fluorescent objects shine in the dark. This is because all of these objects contain the same chemical element – phosphor. The phosphor absorbs the energy and re-emits it as visible light, and when put under a black light, it will absorb the UVA rays and re-emit them as the light that can be perceived by the human eye. The phosphor can be found in many natural elements such as teeth, fingernails, and scorpions (hey, it’s a useful thing to know if you’re into camping!), but it’s often found in laundry detergents, in order to make your clothes look extra white.

The fluorescent light you often see in clubs are in fact nothing more than black lights that are coated with phosphor glass covering. Other than creating a really cool atmosphere, black light has a lot of, some would argue, more practical uses.


Art inspection – It may be because of the millions it’s worth, but art dealers tend to take their Rembrandt very seriously. Every once in a while, you’ll read that a new painting has been found and the professionals will determine which period it’s from. This is achieved by using a blacklight. Newer paints tend to emanate a subtle sparkle or sheen, while old paint doesn’t. This way it’s really easy to determine whether a painting is forged.

Currency fraud – Most banknotes nowadays have phosphor elements infused in them so as to avoid money forgery. There are small blacklight lamps behind every bank counter that are able to detect fake currency within seconds. Notice the white streak in the banknote below – it’s only visible under blacklight.

Detecting Bacteria – There are some microorganisms that are fluorescent under UV light. This is the common case of Salmonella and Shigella, and detecting them is especially important in the food industry.

Psoriasis – Much like the UVC light, a black light can also be used in the treatment of skin diseases. When exposed to it, the skin produces increased amounts of vitamin D, which in turn helps regenerate the skin.

We hope you found our comprehensive guide to UV and black light helpful so that the next time someone asks “are black lights UV?”, you’ll have enough information to explain all the differences and overlap between the two.


Blogger, editor, developer who loves green living. Interested in photovoltaics and solar lighting. Reviewing solar products since 2013.

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8 Responses

  1. Edmund says:

    Thank you very much for sharing your knowledge. I have a special interest in optics & LEDs. I am so lost when I see companies using lumens, candelas & watts in their products. Your website gives me better perspective & more educated on this matter. Maybe in the future, you educate us on the effects of light tonal qualities of light in human tissues ( skin, mucosa, eyes). I am a physician & tissue character is important for us to differentiate disease from normal. Lighting effect spells a big difference.

    Is LED dangerous as a source of light in eye examinations being a laser in origin? When is it considered safe & dangerous?

    Thank you

    • Arthur says:

      Glad you found our articles helpful, Edmund!
      Lights that emit large amounts of ultraviolet radiation and high-energy blue-violet light do have the ability to damage our eyes. However, since most LEDs do not emit damaging amounts of this type of light, they won’t damage your eyes. Blue-toned LEDs can, however, disrupt your circadian rhythm, meaning that you might have a harder time falling asleep when you’re exposed to blue-hued LED light hours before bed. So you might want to think about using things like blue light filters on your devices and switching to war-toned bulbs in rooms like your bedroom.

  2. Michael says:

    In this day and age of the Corona Virus, do Blacklight fluorescent tubes kill the virus, if someone was under the lights for a period of time. we have a business with these and just wondering if they offer some kind of protection.

  3. Troy Richert says:

    I bought “UV-C” LED lights on ebay. When they came in, the box says nothing about being UV-C. How can I tell if it is truly a UV-C light verses just a party light.

  4. Manuel C. Ma says:

    I bought 2 led UV bulbs online that says it can be used to disinfect areas when exposed to this UV lights. For sometime now I have been using UV fluorescent tubes. and bulbs to disinfect rooms and surfaces since the outbreak of the corona virus. But one thing weird about this new bulbs I bought is that when I turn it on. Some surface glow or are fluorescent, from your description the bulbs thatI bought are emitting UVa not UVc that should be the light rays that will kill virus, bacteria, milts, mites etc. This meant I was cheated by the online seller saying it can disinfect.

    • Arthur says:

      Glass goating is often one of the giveaways. For a UV-C light, the glass will usually clear, not coated. You can also look at the wavelength it emits, which should be somewhere within the range of 200 to 280 nm for a UV-C light. However, you need to be careful and remember that you shouldn’t be around these lights too much, as too much exposure can be damaging to your health.

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